Definitions

Emergency Plan Defintionscrisisterm

Action Plan: General objectives reflecting the overall incident strategy and specific activity for the next operational period. They may take the form of verbal instructions from the incident commander during the initial stages of an incident but should be developed in written form upon scene stabilization.

Assisting Agency: An agency or organization providing personnel, services, or other resources to the agency with direct responsibility for incident management. See also Supporting Agency.

Chain of Command: A series of command, control, executive, or management positions in hierarchical order of authority.

Chief: The ICS title for individuals responsible for management of functional sections: Operations, Planning, Logistics, Finance/Administration, and Intelligence (if established as a separate section).

Command Staff: In an incident management organization, the Command Staff consists of the Incident Command and the special staff positions of Public Information Officer, Safety Officer, Liaison Officer, and other positions as required, who report directly to the Incident Commander. They may have an assistant or assistants, as needed.

Critical Incident: An occurrence or event, natural or human-caused, which requires an emergency response to protect life or property. Incidents can, for example, include major disasters, emergencies, terrorist attacks, terrorist threats, floods, hazardous materials spills, nuclear accidents, aircraft accidents, tornadoes, public health and medical emergencies, and other occurrences requiring an emergency response, such as major planned events and law enforcement incidents.

Deputy: A fully qualified individual who, in the absence of a superior, can be delegated the authority to manage a functional operation or perform a specific task. In some cases, a deputy can act as relief for a superior and, therefore, must be fully qualified in the position. Deputies can be assigned to the Incident Commander, General Staff, and Branch Directors.

Emergency: Absent a Presidentially declared emergency, any incident(s), human-caused or natural, that requires responsive action to protect life or property. Under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, an emergency means any occasion or instance for which, in the determination of the President, Federal assistance is needed to supplement State and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, or to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in any part of the United States.

Emergency Operations Center: The Emergency Operations Center (EOC) serves as a control point to coordinate operations in the event of a major emergency or disaster. Generally, the EOC interprets policy, coordinates the allocation of scarce resources, and provides broad direction to the response.  For smaller incidents, the EOC will be located on University property and staffed by the Chief of Police and other University Executive level decision makers. For larger incidents involving City of Chicago property and/or incidents requiring the response    of multiple agencies, the Chicago Office of Emergency Management and Communications will be used as the EOC.

Emergency Operations Plan
: The "steady-state" plan maintained by various jurisdictional levels for responding to a wide variety of potential hazards.

Emergency Information: Information that is disseminated primarily in anticipation of an emergency or during an emergency. In addition to providing situational information to the public, it also frequently provides directive actions required to be taken by the general public.

Evacuation: Organized, phased, and supervised withdrawal, dispersal, or removal of civilians from dangerous or potentially dangerous areas, and their reception and care in safe areas.

General Staff: A group of incident management personnel organized according to function and reporting to the Incident Commander. The General Staff normally consists of the Operations Section Chief, Planning Section Chief, Logistics Section Chief, and Finance/Administration Section Chief.

Incident: An occurrence or event, natural or human-caused that requires an emergency response to protect life or property. Incidents can, for example, include major disasters, emergencies, terrorist attacks, terrorist threats, wild land and urban fires, floods, hazardous materials spills, nuclear accidents, aircraft accidents, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, tropical storms, war- related disasters, public health and medical emergencies, and other occurrences requiring an emergency response.

Incident Action Plan (LAP): An oral or written plan containing general objectives reflecting the overall strategy for managing an incident.  It may include the identification of operational resources and assignments. It may also include attachments that provide direction and important information for management of the incident during one or more operational periods.

Incident Command System (ICS)
: A modular system that builds dependent upon the type and magnitude of the incident. It is a method of organizing and coordinating emergency services, facilitating the objectives of scene management, personnel safety, and control, for the systematic protection of life and property in an efficient and professional manner.

Incident Commander (IC): The Vice Chancellor for Administrative Services. As an emergency expands or contracts, changes in discipline and/or becomes more or less complex, multiple outside agencies may respond. Under these circumstances,   personnel from local, State and Federal agencies will comprise a Unified Command and share the responsibility for incident management.  Unified Command allows all major organizations with responsibility for an incident to establish a common set of incident objectives and strategies.  Under Unified Command, the various jurisdictions and/or agencies and non-government responders blend together throughout the operation to create an integrated response team. The VCAS always remains in charge of UIC personnel and property and will direct and coordinate campus activities with outside agencies.

Incident Command Staff
: A group of incident management personnel organized according to function and reporting to the Incident Commander. The Incident Command Staff normally consists of the Operations Section, Planning Section, Logistics Section, and Finance/Administration Section.

Joint Information Center (JIC)
: A facility established to coordinate all incident-related public information
activities. It is the central point of contact for all news media at the scene of the incident. Public information officials from all participating agencies should collocate at the JIC.

Mobilization: The process and procedures used by all organizations (Federal, State, local, and tribal) for activating, assembling, and transporting all resources that have been requested to respond to or support an incident.

Mutual-Aid Agreement: Written agreement between agencies and/or jurisdictions that they will assist one another or request, by furnishing personnel, equipment, and/or expertise in a specified manner.

National Incident Management System (NIMS): A system mandated by HSPD-5 that provides a consistent nationwide approach for Federal, State, local, and tribal governments: the private sector and non-governmental organizations to work effectively and efficiently together to prepare for, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents, regardless of cause, size, or complexity. To provide for interoperability and compatibility among Federal, State, local, and tribal capabilities, the NIMS includes a core set of concepts, principles, and terminology.  HSPD-5 identifies these as the ICS; Multi-agency Coordination Systems; training; identification and management of resources (including systems for classifying types of resources); qualification and certification; and the collection, tracking, and reporting of incident information and incident resources.

Recovery: The  development,  coordination,  and  execution  of  service  and  site-restoration plans; the reconstitution of government operations and services; individual,    private  sector,  non-governmental  and  public-assistance programs to provide housing and to promote restoration; long-term care and treatment of affected persons; additional measures for social, political, environmental, and economic restoration; evaluation of the incident to identify lessons learned; post-incident reporting; and development of initiatives to mitigate the effects of future incidents.

Span of Control: The number of individuals a supervisor is responsible for, usually expressed as the ratio of supervisors to individuals. (Under the NIMS, an appropriate span of control is between 1:3 and 1:7.)

Staging Area
: Location established where resources can be place while awaiting a tactical assignment. The Operations Section manages Staging Areas.

Unified Command: An application of ICS used when there is more than one agency with incident jurisdiction or when incidents cross-political jurisdictions. Agencies work together through the designated members of the UC often the senior person from agencies and/or disciplines participating in the UC, to establish a common set of objectives and strategies and a single IAP.

Unity of Command
: The concept by which each person within an organization reports to one and only one designated person. The purpose of unity of command is to ensure unity of effort under one responsible commander for every objective.